Department of Chemical Technology
After schooling, mostly everyone follow the same routine, i.e taking up any of the +2 courses, continuing their
studies up to graduation or post graduation; or taking an entrance exam to get admission into medical/
engineering or any other professional field. But for those who are not too keen on taking up +2 after 10th
standard, but want to get basic training skills in a trade, they have an option of taking up technical education
provided by Industrial training institutes. Nowadays people are becoming more aware about the scope for
technical education. The need for skilled personnel in various technical fields is increasing day by day, due to
the changing economic and industrial scenario of the world. In India, the demand for man power labour has
grown exponentially, by the rapid invasion of factories, ports and ships which results in the rise of numerous
technical jobs. Here comes the significance of technical education which plays a vital role in creating skilled
manpower for industries. Technical education is a diverse field providing courses and trades in the areas of
engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel
management, catering technology etc. Industrial Training Institutes are pioneers in the field of technical
education which provide support i.e basic skills to an individual to become self reliant in the trade they choose.
Industrial Training Institutes are government-run organisations whereas operating under the general guidance of
the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union
government of India. Courses in these institutes are designed to impart technical knowledge to the youngsters
and offers training in engineering and non- engineering technical fields, such as in trades like electrician,
machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic, computer hardware etc.
ABOUT INDUSTRIES CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Global industry size is around USD 3 trillion. European Union and US are biggest export and import market.
Petrochemical production capacity is concentrated around Asia followed by North America. Growth in demand
for chemicals in developing countries is high leading to substantial cross-border investment in the chemical
sector. Availability of feedstock and significant cost advantage has led to development of large industrial
complexes in Middle East.
THE INDIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
- The Indian Chemical Industry forms the backbone of the industrial and agricultural development of India and
provides building blocks for downstream industries.
The chemical industry which includes, as per National Industrial Classification, basic chemicals and its
products, petrochemicals, fertilizers, paints and varnishes, gases, soaps, perfumes, toiletries and pharmaceuticals
is one of the most diversified of all industrial sectors covering thousands of commercial products. Chemical
Engineers use their creative ability and technical training to turn discoveries in the laboratory into safe and
affordable processes for products that help to maintain a clean environment into a modern society.
Facts of Indian Chemical Industry:
– 13% of the total export.
– 13% of the total industrial output and 7% of the GDP.
– 10-12% growth per annum.
– 2% of global chemical industry.
– Indian Pharmaceutical Industry ranks 45h in Volume and
– 13th in term of value in the world.
– India a strong player in the generic pharmaceutical market.
– India 2nd largest producer of agrochemicals in Asia.
Chemical engineers research, design, and develop chemical processes and equipment, oversee the operation and
maintenance of industrial chemical, plastics, pharmaceutical, resource, pulp and paper, and food processing
plants and perform duties related to chemical quality control, environmental protection and biochemical or
biotechnical engineering. Chemical engineers are employed in a wide range of manufacturing and processing
industries, consulting firms, government, research and educational institutions.
JOB PROSPECTS & CAREER OPTIONS
After completing the engineering trading course in Industrial Training Institutes, one can go for higher studies
like diploma in engineering. There are also specialized short-term courses for certain trades, offered in
Advanced Training Institutes (ATI’s), which enhances the skills of candidates. Most industries/ companies
accept Industrial Training Institute graduates only as apprentices and they train them for a period of 6 months to
1-2 years, depending on the company. They may be considered suitable for employment only after the training
period. Based on the trade opted, Industrial Training Institute qualified candidates can apply for jobs in the
private sector and public sector. Besides these, Industrial Training Institute passed out candidates can find self
employment by setting up their own garage, winding shops, fabrication shops etc.
Employment opportunities for Chemical Engineer are visualized in following industries at various
Chemical and Allied Industries like
o Fertilizer industry
o Petroleum refinery and petrochemical industry
o Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
o Steel plant
o Cement plant
o Cosmetic industry
o Sugar industry
o Mineral industry
o Pulp and Paper industry
o Food processing industry
o Consumer goods industry etc.
o Food industry
o Agro industry
o Leather industry
o Pharmaceutical industry
o Paint and dye industry
o Rubber industry
o Soap & detergent industry
o Textile industry etc.
In various functional areas like erection and commissioning of plant, plant operation, production,
maintenance and safety, quality control, inspection and testing, marketing and sales, consultancy
services and areas concerning environmental protection.
Research Organizations like CSIR laboratories, Defence laboratories, Atomic energy establishments
Entrepreneurs to small/tiny units especially food, agro and chemical industries.
Example (Titles/ levels/positions)
Biochemical and Biotechnical Engineer
Biochemical Development Engineer
Chemical Engineer, Design and Development
Chemical Engineer, Environmental
Chemical Engineer, Production
Chemical Engineer, Research
Chemical Process Engineer
Chief Chemical Engineer
Chief Process Engineer
Coatings Engineer, Chemical
Engineer, Chemical Processes
Engineer, Industrial Hygiene
Engineer, Pulp and Paper
Engineer, Waste Treatment
Environmental Chemical Engineer
Environmental Engineer, Chemical
Industrial Hygiene Engineer
Industrial Waste Treatment Engineer
Liquid Fuels Engineer
Petroleum Refinery Process Engineer
Pipeline Transport Engineer
Process Control Engineer, Chemical
Process Engineer, Petroleum Refinery
Project Engineer, Chemical
Pulp and Paper Engineer, Chemical
Waste Treatment Engineer
WHAT DO CHEMICAL ENGINEERS DO?
It would take too long to list all the products that are impacted by chemical engineers, but knowing what
industries employ them may help you comprehend the scope of their work. Chemical engineers work in
manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, design and construction, pulp and paper, petrochemicals, food
processing, specialty chemicals, microelectronics, electronic and advanced materials, polymers, business
services, biotechnology, and environmental health and safety industries, among others. Within these industries,
chemical engineers rely on their knowledge of mathematics and science, particularly chemistry, to overcome
technical problems safely and economically. And, of course, they draw upon and apply their engineering
knowledge to solve any technical challenges they encounter. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that chemical
engineers only make things, though. Their expertise is also applied in the areas of law, education, publishing,
finance, and medicine, as well as in many other fields that require technical training. Specifically, chemical
engineers improve food processing techniques, and methods of producing fertilizers, to increase the quantity and
quality of available food. They also construct the synthetic fibers that make our clothes more comfortable and
water resistant; they develop methods to mass-produce drugs, making them more affordable; and they create
safer, more efficient methods of refining petroleum products, making energy and chemical sources more
productive and cost effective. Chemical engineers also develop solutions to environmental problems, such as
pollution control and remediation. And yes, they process chemicals, which are used to make or improve just
about everything you see around you. Chemical engineers face many of the same challenges that other
professionals face, and they meet these challenges by applying their technical knowledge, communication and
teamwork skills; the most up-to-date practices available; and hard work. Benefits include financial reward,
recognition within industry and society, and the gratification that comes from working with the processes of
nature to meet the needs of society.
Chemical engineers perform some or all of the following duties:
Conduct economic and technical feasibility studies in areas related to chemical, petroleum, pulp and
paper, food or other processing industries
Conduct research into the development or improvement of chemical engineering processes, reactions
Evaluate chemical process technology and equipment and determine production specifications
Design and test chemical processing and associated plants and equipment
Oversee the construction, modification, operation and maintenance of pilot plants, processing units or
Establish and conduct quality control programs, operating procedures and control strategies to ensure
consistency and adherence to standards for raw materials, products and waste products or emissions
Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for the process aspects of industrial construction
Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers
May work in an administrative capacity, for example, in the development of guidelines and
specifications for the handling of dangerous chemicals, environmental protection, or standards for
foods, materials and consumer goods.
Chemical engineers may specialize in the products and processes of a particular industry such as pulp and paper
manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, energy processing, plastics, metal extraction and refining,
or adhesives and coatings production. They may also specialize in functional areas of various industries such as
process control, pollution control or fermentation processes.
WHAT IS CHEMICAL ENGINEERING?
Chemical engineering is a discipline influencing numerous areas of technology. In broad terms, chemical
engineers conceive and design processes to produce, transform and transport materials beginning with
experimentation in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in full-scale production.
Chemical engineers are in great demand because of the large number of industries that depend on the synthesis
and processing of chemicals and materials. In addition to traditional careers in the chemical, energy and oil
industries, chemical engineers enjoy increasing opportunities in biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic
device fabrication and environmental engineering. The unique training of the chemical engineer becomes
essential in these areas when processes involve the chemical or physical transformation of matter. For example,
chemical engineers working in the chemical industry investigate the creation of new polymeric materials with
important electrical, optical or mechanical properties. This requires attention not only to the synthesis of the
polymer, but also to the flow and forming processes necessary to create a final product. In biotechnology,chemical engineers help design production facilities that use microorganisms and enzymes to synthesize new
drugs. Problems in environmental engineering that engage chemical engineers include the development of
processes (catalytic converters, effluent treatment facilities) to minimize the release of or deactivate products
harmful to the environment. To do these jobs, the chemical engineer must have a complete and quantitative
understanding of both the engineering and scientific principles underlying these technological processes. This is
reflected in the curriculum of the Chemical Engineering Department, which includes the study of applied
mathematics, material and energy balances, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, energy and mass transfer,
separations technologies, chemical reaction kinetics and reactor design, and process design. These courses are
built on a foundation in the sciences of chemistry, physics and biology.
MODERN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
The modern discipline of chemical engineering encompasses much more than just process engineering.
Chemical engineers are now engaged in the development and production of a diverse range of products, as well
as in commodity and specialty chemicals. These products include high performance materials needed for
aerospace, automotive, biomedical, electronic, environmental, and space and military applications. Examples
include ultra-strong fibers, fabrics, adhesives and composites for vehicles, bio-compatible materials for implants
and prosthetics, gels for medical applications, pharmaceuticals, and films with special dielectric, optical, or
spectroscopic properties for opto-electronic devices. Additionally, chemical engineering is often intertwined
with biology and biomedical engineering. Many chemical engineers work on biological projects such as
understanding biopolymers (proteins) and mapping the human genome.
||1. Safety & general awareness in chemical industry2. Industrial chemical manufacturing attendant3. Process attendant (Chemical Plant)4. Maintenance attendant (Chemical Plant)5. Lab attendant(Chemical Plant)
6. Maintenance & repair of pressure, flow, temperature and level
7. Advance instrumentation & control attendant
||1. Instrument Mechanic (Chemical Plant)2. Attendant Operator (Chemical Plant)3. Maintenance Mechanic (Chemical Plant)4. Electroplater5. Laboratory Assistant (Chemical Plant)6. Pipe Fitter
Keeping in view the employment opportunities, the course is aimed at developing following knowledge and
skills in the students:
Basic understanding of concepts and principles related to applied sciences as a foundation for further
Development of communication and interpersonal skills for effective functioning in the world of work.
Understanding of basic concepts and principles of mechanical, electrical and civil engineering so as to
enable the students to apply the knowledge of these principles to the field of chemical engineering.
Ability to read and interpret drawings related to plant layout, process equipment and components.
Knowledge of various materials used in chemical processes, their properties and specifications.
Knowledge and associated skills of various unit operations, unit processes and process instrumentation
in process industry.
Ability to calculate the quantity of raw materials, energy inputs, manpower requirement and output
from the process.
Ability to control the process and quality of the products commensurating with laid specifications.
Understanding of basic principles of managing men, material and machines/ equipment for optimum
Appreciation of the need of clean environment and its deterioration by various emissions from industry
and preventive procedures and knowledge of safety regulations in process industry.
Development of generic skills of thinking and problem-solving, communication, attitudes and value
system for effective functioning in a process industry.
Proficiency in the use of computers.
Basic manual and machining skills as an aid to function effectively in the process industry.
Knowledge of testing and quality control activities.
Detailed knowledge of petroleum and petroleum products along with processes involved in their
Detailed knowledge of fertilizers and technology involved in their production along with important
fertilizer plants in India.
Development of good personality in order to have effective communication and business ethic
FOUNDATIONS OF THE CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRY
The scope and dynamics of the chemical industry are important considerations for those planning industrial
careers in chemistry and chemical technology. This course provides an inside look at the wide variety of
products generated by the U.S. chemical industry within the dynamics of a world economy, changing
governmental regulations, increasing awareness of environmental health and safety issues, and changing
technologies. This course lends an appreciation of the business decisions made by the chemical industry that
funds research and development, as well as providing students with knowledge of the role of the chemical
technician in the chemical process industry.
A laboratory-based course designed for those seeking careers in chemical technology, this course provides the
theory to understand investigations of separation science, chemical analysis, and measurement. Students are
challenged by advanced troubleshooting problems and real-world client-employee scenarios encountered by
chemical technicians in the chemical process industry. Topics include electrochemical and potentiometric
measurements, advanced separation techniques, and chemical analysis of water and biochemical systems,
applications and theory behind gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography, and selection
and application of standard methods. Advanced topics of chemical health and safety (e.g., hazardous materials
management and regulatory compliance) and advanced issues of good laboratory practices (GLPs) are included.
CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
Second in a series of two laboratory-based courses designed for those seeking careers in chemical technology,
this course involves investigations of separation science, chemical analysis, and measurement. Students are
challenged by advanced troubleshooting problems and real-world scenarios encountered by chemical
technicians in the chemical process industry. Topics include electrochemical and potentiometric measurements,
advanced separation techniques, chemical analysis of water and biochemical systems, applications and theory
behind gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography, and selection and application of
standard methods. Advanced topics of chemical health and safety (e.g., hazardous materials management and
regulatory compliance) and advanced issues of good laboratory practices (GLPs) included.
CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL INTERNSHIP/CO-OP EXPERIENCES
Provides a workplace experience to bridge the gap between theory and classroom preparation with actual
practices used in the workplace. By carrying out workplace assignments in area industry, government, or private
laboratories, students gain increased access to state-of-the-art technology and are provided opportunities for
enhancing skills. Offered as either an internship or cooperative learning experience, this course is designed for
students seeking degrees in chemical technology.